Natural Capital

Natural capital is a term used to describe those elements of the natural environment that provide benefits for humans. Natural capital is an important part of a nation's overall wealth. The depletion of natural capital often threatens sustainable improvements in per capita incomes and prospects for reducing extreme poverty.

According to the World Bank, "Economic growth is in part about more efficient use of natural capital and investing the earnings from natural capital sources, such as minerals, into infrastructure and education."

Natural wealth is reflected in aspects like the productivity of soils and access to clean water and recreational green space. Any natural resource or process that supports human life, society, and the economy is an important part of our natural capital.

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