Student videos

What is Economic Scarring?

  • Levels: AS, A Level, IB
  • Exam boards: AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB, Eduqas, WJEC

Economic scarring is a term widely used in analysis and discussion of the macroeconomic impact of the pandemic.

What is Economic Scarring?

This short video looks at the meaning of economic scarring and how it might manifest itself over time.

Economic scarring refers to the medium-long term damage done to the economies of one or more countries following a severe economic shock which then leads to a recession.

Scarring can manifest itself in several ways including a slowdown or absolute fall in a country’s estimated potential GDP and their long-term trend growth rate.

Scarring effects might be seen in the following ways:

  1. Fall in business investment leading to an ageing of the existing capital stock
  2. Rise in long-term unemployment and economic inactivity in the labour market
  3. Increase in business failures including many commercially viable businesses
  4. Shrinkage in the capacity of financial system to lend to businesses and households


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