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Online Lessons

Monopoly (Online Lesson)

  • Levels: A Level, IB
  • Exam boards: AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB, Eduqas, WJEC

In this online lesson, we explore the topic of monopoly in detail, covering diagrams, application, and key evaluation points.

WHAT YOU'LL STUDY IN THIS ONLINE LESSON

  • the characteristics of monopoly
  • real-world examples of monopoly
  • monopoly diagrams
  • the economic case for and against monopoly
  • natural monopoly

Additional teacher guidance is available at the end of this lesson. Thank you to Nicky King and Jon Clark for their contributions to this lesson.

HOW TO USE THIS ONLINE LESSON

Follow along in order of the activities shown below. Some are interactive game-based activities, designed to test your understanding and application of monopoly. Others are based on short videos, including activities for you to think about and try at home, as well as some extra worksheet-based activities.

If you would like to download a simple PDF worksheet to accompany the video activities, you can find it here. You can print it off and annotate it for your own notes, or make your own notes on a separate piece of paper to add to your school/college file.

ACTIVITY 1: VIDEO - MONOPOLY POWER

In this video, we look at the meaning of monopoly power and consider the impact of market share. We also introduce lots of real-world examples to improve your knowledge.

Monopoly Video 1

ACTIVITY 2: VIDEO - MONOPOLY DIAGRAM

Diagrammatic analysis is a fundamental part of economic analysis. In this video, we help you build up a cost and revenue diagram for analysing monopoly.

Monopoly Video 2

ACTIVITY 3: WIDER READING

Here are some suggestions for wider reading on the topic of monopoly, with a particular focus on examples. When you read through the suggested articles, note down any advantages and disadvantages of monopoly and monopoly power. Remember to consider the advantages and disadvantages from different stakeholder perspectives.

ACTIVITY 4: VIDEO - PROS AND CONS OF MONOPOLY

In this video, we consider some of the arguments both for and against monopoly power, from theoretical and practical perspectives.

Monopoly Video 3

ACTIVITY 5: ESSAY TECHNIQUE

For this activity, you will need to download this example essay. The essay explores some of the reasons why and how monopoly power might develop.

Tasks

  1. Read through the essay
  2. Identify any "connecting" words that help to extend the chains of analysis
  3. Summarise the reasons for developing monopoly power that are mentioned in the essay, then carry out your own research and thinking to add to the list

ACTIVITY 6: VIDEO - NATURAL MONOPOLY

In this final video of the online lesson, we consider a special type of monopoly - the natural monopoly - in which economies of scale are extensive.

Monopoly Video 4

ACTIVITY 7 - MULTIPLE CHOICE PRACTICE

Download this worksheet containing 20 monopoly-related MCQs for you to practise on.

ADDITIONAL TEACHER GUIDANCE

This lesson comprises:

  • around 35 minutes of guided video, spread across 4 videos
  • around 20-30 minutes of student thinking and activity time throughout those videos
  • a wider reading activity to support student knowledge of real-world examples
  • an example essay, accompanied by a range of questions for students to consider
  • a 20 question MCQ test (answers here)

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