This study note looks at the measurement of low pay
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) defines low pay as the hourly wage rate that is two-thirds of median hourly earnings (£12.78 x 2/3 = £8.52 in 2018).
There are big variations in the scale of low pay in the regions of the UK. For example, according to the ONS, in 2018, 9.4% of employee jobs in London are low-paid, compared with an average of 19.3% in the rest of the UK.
Low pay is most prevalent in elementary occupations - in 2018, over half of all employee jobs in elementary occupations are low-paid.
Part time workers are also at risk of low pay - the proportion of low-paid part-time employee jobs is over three times as large as that of full-time employee jobs.
Resolution Foundation - Low Pay Britain 2018
Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG)
Oxfam: How low wages hurt families and perpetuate poverty (2015)
Full Fact: How immigrants affect jobs and wages (2017)
Full Fact: People who look after people tend to be women on low pay (2018)
Full Fact: How have wages changed over the past decade? (2018)
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