Topic Videos

Key Diagrams - Indirect Taxes and Consumer & Producer Surplus

AS, A Level, IB
AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB, Eduqas, WJEC

Last updated 28 Apr 2022

This short revision video shows how an indirect tax might lead to a deadweight loss of economic welfare.

Key Diagrams - Indirect Taxes and Consumer & Producer Surplus

Indirect taxes normally cause a deadweight loss of economic welfare. Consumers face higher prices and producers experience a loss of revenue after tax has been paid.

A key issue is what is done with thegovernment tax revenue – might it be ring-fenced for socially beneficial purposes. And students might also consider why an indirect tax was introduced in the first place – such as an emissions tax based on the polluter-pays-principle.

Consider externalities and social welfare in your analysis and evaluation!

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