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Memory: Multi Store Model of Memory | AQA A-Level Psychology


Last updated 21 Dec 2023

This topic quiz tests A-Level Psychology students' knowledge of the multi store model of memory.

Click here to access the Kahoot revision quiz on the Multi Store Model of Memory

The Multi-Store Model of Memory is a psychological theory that was first proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968. It proposes that there are three distinct memory stores in the brain: sensory memory, short-term memory (STM), and long-term memory (LTM). Here's how it works:Sensory memory: This is the initial, brief storage of sensory information, such as visual, auditory, and tactile input. It lasts for a fraction of a second.Short-term memory (STM): Information from sensory memory that is attended to is transferred to STM, which can hold a limited amount of information for a short time (about 20-30 seconds).Long-term memory (LTM): If information is rehearsed or repeated, it can be transferred from STM to LTM, where it can be stored indefinitely.The model suggests that the transfer of information from one store to the next is not automatic, but requires attention and effort. It has been influential in understanding memory, but it has also been criticized for its simplicity and inability to fully explain all aspects of memory.

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