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Devolution in Scotland

Devolution in Scotland refers to the transfer of powers from the United Kingdom government to the Scottish Parliament, which was established in 1999 as part of a wider devolution process in the UK.

Here's a quick summary:

  • History: The devolution movement in Scotland emerged in the late 20th century as a response to the perceived dominance of the UK government in London and a desire for more local control over Scottish affairs.
  • Powers: The Scottish Parliament has responsibility for a wide range of domestic policy areas, including health, education, transport, justice, and environment.
  • Elections: The Scottish Parliament is elected through a proportional representation system, and the Scottish National Party (SNP) has been the largest party in the Parliament since 2007.
  • Fiscal autonomy: Scotland has a degree of fiscal autonomy, with the power to set its own tax rates and spend its own budget, but it still relies on funding from the UK government.
  • Independence debate: The issue of Scottish independence has been a major topic of debate in recent years, and the Scottish Parliament held an independence referendum in 2014, in which a majority of voters chose to remain in the UK.

See also

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