Live revision! Join us for our free exam revision livestreams Watch now

Topics

Devolution in Scotland

Devolution in Scotland refers to the transfer of powers from the United Kingdom government to the Scottish Parliament, which was established in 1999 as part of a wider devolution process in the UK.

Here's a quick summary:

  • History: The devolution movement in Scotland emerged in the late 20th century as a response to the perceived dominance of the UK government in London and a desire for more local control over Scottish affairs.
  • Powers: The Scottish Parliament has responsibility for a wide range of domestic policy areas, including health, education, transport, justice, and environment.
  • Elections: The Scottish Parliament is elected through a proportional representation system, and the Scottish National Party (SNP) has been the largest party in the Parliament since 2007.
  • Fiscal autonomy: Scotland has a degree of fiscal autonomy, with the power to set its own tax rates and spend its own budget, but it still relies on funding from the UK government.
  • Independence debate: The issue of Scottish independence has been a major topic of debate in recent years, and the Scottish Parliament held an independence referendum in 2014, in which a majority of voters chose to remain in the UK.

See also

© 2002-2024 Tutor2u Limited. Company Reg no: 04489574. VAT reg no 816865400.