- A Level
- AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB
Last updated 22 Mar 2021
There have been 27 amendments to the U.S. Constitution since 1787, with the first 10 of these being ratified almost immediately after the ratification of the Constitution itself, otherwise know as the bill of rights.
There are arguably some amendments which have had more of an impact in U.S. Politics than others. Whilst you don't need to know all the amendments in huge detail, you should have an awareness of them.
For the first 10 Amendments see The Bill of Rights
Ratified 1795 – States are immune from legal cases brought by non citizens
Ratified 1804 – Revises presidential elections through the creation of the ticket system so that the Vice President was not whoever came second
Ratified 1865 – Abolition of Slavery
Ratified 1868 – Defined Citizenship, established Due Process and Equal Protection Clause
Ratified 1870 – Forbids restrictions on voting based on race or colour.
Ratified 1913 – Income Tax powers granted to Congress
Ratified 1913 – Established direct elections for US Senators.
Ratified 1919 – Introduced prohibition for the manufacture of sale of alcohol.
Ratified 1920 – Votes for Women – Forbids sex to be a discriminating factor in voting
Ratified 1933 – Changes the date for the start of Presidential and Congressional terms
Ratified 1933 – Repeals the 18th Amendment
Ratified 1951 – Introduces the two term limit for Presidents.
Ratified 1961 – Gives District of Columbia votes in the Electoral College
Ratified 1964 – Prohibits the introduction of a poll tax
Ratified 1967 – Clarifies rules surrounding the succession to the Presidency and the response to disabilities of the President.
Ratified 1971 – Establishes 18 years old as the voting age throughout the US
Ratified 1992 – Congressional salary changes do not take effect until the new Congress is assembled.
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