In the News
The joint report on the government's response to covid: the effectiveness of select committees
Yet again they prove that they are tremendously effective organs of executive scrutiny
A joint report by the Commons health select committee and the science and technology committee has produced a report on the government's response to covid, and the Guardian has described its findings as "scathing".
So, a bit of context on select committees.
Arguably the single most important development in executive-legislative relations is the introduction of departmental select committees in the UK in 1979. There are numerous examples of their excellent work to support this assertion. Some of the most prominent include: Arms to Africa (1999); ineffective Office of the Deputy PM (2002, 2005); role of Attorney General (2007).
It is the increasingly high profile that these bodies have achieved over the last decade, however, that is of particular focus here since it is a very recent change and definitely one that would impress examiners if referred to explicitly in the given context. A report released by the Democratic Audit once went as far as saying that the media coverage of select committees is now at unprecedented levels and that their work even merits international attention. This upsurge has occurred following Tony Wright's House of Commons Reform Committee (Rebuilding the House) recommendations [specifically here in respect of select committees]:
• chairs are now elected on a free (and secret) ballot of all MPs
• backbench members, not whips, determine who should represent their party on each committee
Wright himself has hinted that the real action is far away from the floor of the Commons: “The external media attention that the House gets comes far more from the Select Committee system than from anywhere else.”
In depth analysis by the team (Patrick Dunleavy and Dominic Muir) at the Democratic Audit reveals that media mentions of work by committees more than trebled between 2008 and 2012. Unsurprisingly, much of this increase can be attributed to the work of four major committees: Public Accounts; Home Affairs (especially after the English riots in 2011); Treasury; and Culture, Media, and Sport. But increased broadcast and press coverage was evident almost across the board, with 17 of the 25 committees experiencing growth.
The Wright reforms have in part achieved, therefore, what they set out to. Namely, increase the public profile of Parliament. The caveat here, of course, is that more press coverage does not necessarily mean that the public consciousness of the inner working of Parliament has changed. If it hasn’t, given the magnitude of the change it can’t be long before voters recognise the shift.
So what does this mean in terms of the ability of the legislature to hold the executive to account? Peter Riddell once wrote that select committees have “been a major factor in the opening up of the workings of government over the past twenty years”. If this is the case, and one of the most effective limbs of the parliamentary apparatus is receiving far more media attention, government departments are far more likely to be held liable for their actions.
After examining the significance of select committees in lessons I put it to my Y12 students as a challenge that it would be difficult to read the papers in a normal week without coming across a reference to a select committee chair in print.
And it has yet again been the case this week, and so back to the report.
Peter Walker, writing in the Guardian, said:
"...the landmark joint report into the UK’s handling of Covid proved less toothless than some feared."
And then he goes on to say:
"Just about the only element of the pandemic response spared a kicking being the vaccine rollout."