Organic vs Mechanistic Organisational Structures
Last updated 22 Mar 2021
The structure of an organisation is an important determinant of how effectively it can both identify the need for change and also respond to the necessary change.
A flexible organisation is one that is able to adapt and respond relatively quickly to changes in its external environment in order to gain advantage and sustain its competitive position.
A flexible organisation is more likely to have adopted what is often referred to as an "organic" structure, as compared with a "mechanistic" structure.
The differences between these two terms are outlined briefly below:
Flexible and fluid (easy to change)
Favours informal (e.g.) verbal communication
Associated with decentralised decision-making & employee empowerment
Find change easier to handle
More formality & bureaucratic
Associated with centralised decision-making & supervision
Reliance on formal communication methods
Favours standardised policies and procedures
Little perceived need to change
Greater resistance to change when implemented