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In the 20th and 21st centuries, a number of sociologists have approached society with a mode of analysis very much influenced by the writings of Karl Marx, however they have gone on to adapt traditional Marxism in various ways. For example, some neo-Marxists share Marx's analysis of capitalism but do not share his belief in a communist revolution. Others (such as Antonio Gramsci or, in recent times, Stuart Hall) emphasise the cultural aspects of class conflict rather than the economic focus of Marx's original writings. Those who have adapted Marx's ideas in these ways are known as neo-Marxists.

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