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Churches as a typology was created by Troeltsch (1931) which identifies the unique characteristics of this religious organisation. A church would have a formal organisation structure with a hierarchy of paid officials. Generally, they would be accepting of wider society drawing in a variety of members from differing social backgrounds. They have limited demands on their members meaning they can belong to the church without demonstrating their faith. They manage to have a close relationship with the state but they maintain that they have the monopoly on religious truth.

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