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Psychopathology: Biological Treatments for OCD | AQA A-Level Psychology


Last updated 10 Jan 2024

This quiz tests A-Level psychology students' knowledge and understanding of the biological treatments for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

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Psychopathology: Biological Treatments for OCD | AQA A-Level Psychology

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition that involves repetitive thoughts or behaviors that a person feels driven to do over and over, even when they're not enjoyable or helpful. These repetitive behaviors are called compulsions, and the repetitive thoughts are called obsessions.Here are some key things to know about OCD:

  • Obsessions: Obsessions are persistent and intrusive thoughts, images, or urges that a person with OCD finds disturbing and difficult to ignore. Examples include fears of contamination, unwanted sexual or violent thoughts, or obsessions with order or symmetry.
  • Compulsions: Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that a person with OCD feels driven to do in response to an obsession. Examples include excessive hand-washing, checking, counting, or arranging objects in a specific way.
  • Impairment: OCD can cause significant impairment in a person's daily life, affecting their ability to work, study, or maintain relationships.
  • Biological factors: OCD is believed to have a biological basis, with research suggesting that it may be associated with imbalances in certain brain chemicals or circuits.
  • Treatment: OCD is typically treated with a combination of medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which helps individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors.
  • Prevalence: OCD is a relatively common mental health condition, affecting approximately 1% of the population. It can begin at any age but often starts in adolescence or early adulthood.

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