According to the behavioural approach, abnormal behaviour can be caused by: 1) classical conditioning, 2) operant conditioning and 3) social learning theory. These theories have been applied to a range of psychological disorders, most notably phobias. Although each theory can be used on its own, Mowrer (1947) put forward a two-process model, to explain how phobias are learned through classical conditioning and maintained through operant conditioning.
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