History

Study Notes

Treatment of Gypsies and Roma

Level:
GCSE
Board:
AQA, Edexcel, OCR

Gypsies, sometimes referred to as Roma or Sinti people were nomadic people, who travelled around countries for their living. This travelling around meant that they were viewed as asocials, and did not fit into the Nazi ideals of pure Germans. Like Jews, Gypsies had restrictions placed upon them by the Nazis. They were called as enemies of the state under the Nuremberg Laws. 

For example, in 1936, the Nazis created special camps for gypsies to live in, and then in 1938 the Nazis rounded up gypsies and added them to special registers. In 1943, the Nazis ordered that the gypsies should be interned in concentration camps including Auschwitz and Treblinka. 

During the Holocaust there were up to 500,000 Romani killed in the concentration and death camps across the Reich and occupied territory. However, estimates for the number of gypsies killed do differ. 

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