Reference library | tutor2u History

Communism is a political and economic theory which is based on the work of German philosopher Karl Marx and his work in Das Kapital and the Communist Manifesto. It believes...

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Communist Ideology and the Soviet Union

Capitalism is a political and economic theory which states that individuals are free. They are free to make money, own businesses, sell goods and services and crucially own private property....

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Capitalist Ideology, the United States and Great Britain

During the Second World War, the Soviet Union, United States and Great Britain formed a ‘Grand Alliance’. The Alliance was a key response to the Nazi aggression in Europe during...

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Superpowers and the Second World War

The Tehran Conference took place in November 1943. Tehran is in modern day Iran. At the time of the Tehran conference the Second World War was still raging, and hopes of...

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Tehran Conference 1943
Study notes

Yalta Conference 1945

The second conference came in February 1945. This time it was held in Yalta in the Soviet Union. Since Tehran, the promised second front had been opened by British and US...

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Yalta Conference 1945

The final conference of the war took place in Potsdam which is town just outside of Berlin. It took place across July and August in 1945. Whilst it took place only...

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Potsdam Conference 1945

Suspicions between East and West developed throughout the time in the Grand Alliance. Both sides mistrusted each other and were unsure about the others intentions. With this attitude, both nations...

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Kennan and Novikov Telegrams

Churchill had been Prime Minister of the United Kingdom throughout the Second World War, however, he had lost the election just after the war finished. After this Churchill embarked on...

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Churchill and the Iron Curtain

The Soviet Union had been seeking to create a buffer zone between their territory and that of the west. The Red Army had marched over Europe to free the people...

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Soviet Influence in Europe
Study notes

The Atomic Bomb

The Atomic Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan on 6th August 1945. It was the first detonation of an atomic weapon against civilians. This first dropping was followed by a second...

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The Atomic Bomb
Study notes

The United Nations

The United Nations had met by the time of the Potsdam Conference. There were 51 founding members who had signed the United Nations Charter. The first official meeting of the UN...

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The United Nations
Study notes

The Hitler Youth

The Hitler Youth was the group for boys set up by the Nazis. During the Weimar Republic it was common for political parties to set up youth wings for the...

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The Hitler Youth

Where the Hitler Youth was for boys, the League of German Maiden’s or BDM was for girls. The experience of both boys and girls would be similar in some...

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League of German Maidens

The Nazis saw the children of Germany as the future, and if they educated them in the ideals of the Nazi party, then the Thousand Year Reich would be secure....

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Education in Nazi Germany

Franz Von Papen was selected as Chancellor as soon as Bruning resigned. The immediate problem which Von Papen faced was controlling the Nazis. By this time the Nazis were a...

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Von Papen's Chancellorship

Von Schleicher was appointed Chancellor to replace von Papen. Schleicher was a solution to the Chancellorship problem which President Hindenburg faced. Hindenburg did not want to appoint Hitler as Chancellor...

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Schleicher's Chancellorship

When the Nazis took control of Germany in 1933 they faced a falling birth rate in Germany, which worried them greatly. A falling birth rate meant that Germany would not have...

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The Nazis, Women and the Family

It was a core Nazi belief that a woman’s primary responsibility was to be at home looking after the children and the home. As such the Nazis used a...

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The Nazis, Women and Employment

In keeping with Nazi ideals, young people should be encouraged to serve their country. They were the workers and the soldiers of tomorrow. The young were the future of Germany...

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Young People and the Nazis

After the Wall Street Crash and then throughout subsequent economic problems in Germany, Heinrich Bruning was the Chancellor of Germany. He governed Germany from 1930-1932. Due to the high levels...

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Bruning's Failure to Cope with Unemployment

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