Reference library | tutor2u History

Experiences of women during the Spanish Civil War were dependent on whether you lived in Nationalist or republican territory.

Read more ›

Life for Women during the Civil War

The Nationalist victory in the Civil War can be explained by a number of factors relating to the Nationalists’ strengths and the Republicans’ weaknesses. Ultimately, the Nationalist forces were better...

Read more ›

Why did the Nationalists win the Spanish Civil War?

Spain experienced a dramatic economic transformation in the 1960s and 1970s. Corporatism had failed to raise the living standards of the Spanish people, but a wave of free-market reforms allowed...

Read more ›

Economic Development in Spain (1956-75)

Western democracies such as Britain and France were reluctant to become involved in the Spanish Civil War for fear that they may escalate or broaden the conflict. Fascist Germany and...

Read more ›

International involvement in the Spanish Civil War

Civilian life in Republican zones varied depending on which city you were living in. For certain, life in Republican zones was completely different to the experience in the Nationalist areas....

Read more ›

Life in the Republican Zones during the Civil War

The uprising in Asturias, a small mining region, was the most dramatic part of the PSOE's failed 'October Revolution' against the new right-wing coalition government.

Read more ›

Asturias Uprising (October 1934)
Study notes

The 1931 Constitution

On December 9th 1931, the constituent Cortes finally ratified the new Spanish constitution, establishing Spain as a democratic republic with elections to be held based on universal suffrage. Individual rights and...

Read more ›

The 1931 Constitution

In 1931, the Japanese Empire controlled the South Manchuria Railway. In the September the Japanese claimed that the Chinese had sabotaged the railway. Using this pretense the Japanese army invaded and...

Read more ›

Manchurian Crisis 1931-33

In 1929, the Wall Street crash ensured that many countries went into depression. This meant that many countries were battling with internal problems and their interest in the League of Nations...

Read more ›

Collapse of the League

The Kellogg-Briand Pact was an international agreement between 62 countries. This also included Germany as an equal partner. The overall aim of the agreement was for countries to agree not to...

Read more ›

Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928
Study notes

The Locarno Treaties

The Locarno Treaties were a series of agreements which were produced in Locarno, a town in Switzerland. They were agreed in London in December 1925. The agreements mainly focussed on the...

Read more ›

The Locarno Treaties

The League was initially very popular and was often called upon to sort out disagreements between countries. In 1921, there was a disagreement over the future of Upper Silesia. Both Germany...

Read more ›

The League of Nations' contribution to Peace

The League of Nations set up a number of commissions which would focus on a particular issue and work with members to solve or develop those issues. There were four...

Read more ›

The Commissions of the League of Nations

The International Labour Organisation met once a year and sought to bring together workers, employers and governments. The International Labour Organisation wanted to improve the global conditions that workers had...

Read more ›

The International Labour Organisation

The Permanent Court of International Justice was based in the Hague in the Netherlands. It was designed to rule on disputes and disagreements between members of the League.

Read more ›

The Permanent Court of International Justice

The League of Nations was supported by an organization called the Secretariat. It acted as an advice and administrative body for the League of Nations..

Read more ›

The Secretariat of the League of Nations

The Council sat above the Assembly and met around five times a year. It was a far smaller group containing both permanent and non permanent members. They could impose a...

Read more ›

The Council of the League of Nations

The Assembly was the main body of the League of Nations, it was the meeting place of all members. Each country which was a member sent someone to represent them...

Read more ›

The Assembly of the League of Nations

The idea of the League of Nations was one where all countries joined in order to promote peace across the world. It was hoped that the United States would lead...

Read more ›

Membership of the League
Study notes

The League of Nations

The League of Nations was a international organisation devised by President Wilson. Wilson wished to have an organisation which would act as some form of global parliament. The idea would...

Read more ›

The League of Nations

Recruitment

Advertise your vacancies with tutor2u

Much cheaper & more effective than TES or the Guardian. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences.

Find our more ›

Advertise your teaching jobs with tutor2u

A New Home for tutor2u Resources

We've just flicked the switch on moving all our digital resources to instant digital download - via our new subject stores.

For every subject you can now access each digital resource as soon as it is ordered. This will always be the latest edition of each resource too (and we'll update you automatically if there is an upgraded version to use).

Simply add the required resources to your cart, checkout using the usual options and your resources will be available to access immediately via your mytutor2u account.