First World War | tutor2u History
Study notes

First World War

  • Levels: GCSE
  • Exam boards: AQA, Edexcel, OCR

The First World War was a global conflict which Germany had fought in alongside her ally Austria-Hungary. Germany had faced the allied powers which included Great Britain, The United States, France, Italy and Russia. Despite defeating Russia in 1917, Germany ultimately lost the war. The war drained and exhausted Germany not just financially but also in terms of population too.

The war had cost Germany around 2 million soldiers, and more than double that injured. In addition to these losses, the people of Germany were equally war weary. In the later years of the war, the British had blockaded Europe ensuring that food supplies were cut off. This forced many in Germany into starvation. Germany lost the war of attrition at home and then subsequently lost the war in the trenches.

The war was causing significant problems for the German Government as unrest spread across the countries with strikes and rebellions taking hold.

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