History

Study Notes

Churchill and the Iron Curtain

Level:
GCSE
Board:
Edexcel

Churchill had been Prime Minister of the United Kingdom throughout the Second World War, however, he had lost the election just after the war finished. After this Churchill embarked on a tour of the United States as a guest of President Truman.

Whilst Churchill was on tour in the US, he gave a speech in Fulton, Missouri. During the speech, Churchill pointed to the Soviet Union as the greatest threat to peace. He declared that an Iron Curtain had descended across the continent of Europe. The speech had several important ramifications. Firstly, Stalin interpreted it as US beliefs being broadcast by Churchill. Secondly, the speech significantly increased tension between the US and the Soviet Union.

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