Energy - Nuclear | tutor2u Geography
Study notes

Energy - Nuclear

  • Levels: AS, A Level, IB
  • Exam boards: AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB, Eduqas, WJEC

Key points on demand for and supply of nuclear energy include:

  • The mining of uranium – the mineral required for the nuclear rods that trigger the nuclear fission reaction central to nuclear power stations – is dominated by Australia, Kazakhstan and Canada. They possess the largest reserves of uranium; however, Australia drops into third place in terms of annual production
  • Only 31 countries have nuclear power stations (as of 2016), meaning that the use of nuclear energy, together with uranium reserves and production, are more geographically limited than the fossil fuels. This is largely due to the high investment costs of nuclear power station construction and the infrastructure needed to deal with nuclear materials and radioactive nuclear waste.
  • In many of these countries, nuclear is a minor contributor to the total energy supply. France and Japan are notable exceptions to this. France generated 77% of its electricity from nuclear in 2014. At its peak Japan produced 30% of its electricity from nuclear, however this changed following the March 2011 Great Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami which led to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The emergency resulted in all of the country’s 50 nuclear power stations being closed down and as of August 2017, only five reactors are back in operation.
  • A further 45 countries are considering developing nuclear energy as part of their electricity generation mix, including the UAE, Turkey, Poland and Indonesia.
  • Much of the world trade in uranium and nuclear materials is monitored and reported on by the International Atomic Energy Authority, which reports to the UN and endorses the peaceful use of nuclear material.

Subscribe to email updates from tutor2u Geography

Join 1000s of fellow Geography teachers and students all getting the tutor2u Geography team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their inbox every morning.

You can also follow @tutor2uGeog on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, or join our popular Facebook Groups.

Job board

Teacher of Geography

Dover Grammar School for Girls, Dover, Kent

Teaching Vacancies

Recruitment

Advertise your vacancies with tutor2u

Much cheaper & more effective than TES or the Guardian. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences.

Find our more ›

Advertise your teaching jobs with tutor2u

A New Home for tutor2u Resources

We've just flicked the switch on moving all our digital resources to instant digital download - via our new subject stores.

For every subject you can now access each digital resource as soon as it is ordered. This will always be the latest edition of each resource too (and we'll update you automatically if there is an upgraded version to use).

Simply add the required resources to your cart, checkout using the usual options and your resources will be available to access immediately via your mytutor2u account.