Study Notes

Bank Lending

AS, A Level
AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB

Last updated 22 Mar 2021

Why has there been a sustained fall in the rate of growth of commercial bank lending in the UK economy?

Rate of growth of bank lending
Bank lending to particular sectors

This has been one of the reoccurring issues in the British economy in recent years. Many have criticised the banks for their failure to supply enough lending to businesses, thereby hampering the scale of recovery from the2008-2010 recession.

Why has bank lending to businesses grown so slowly?

The main reason appears to be because it is not sufficiently profitable. Arranging new loans for smaller businesses can be quite costly compared to the amount involved, hence a reluctance among banks to agree loans.

In today's world of low interest rates, the margin between the interest rate paid by the lender and the the cost of funding the loan for the bank is small. Even with a high loan repayment rate of say 95%, the profitability of lending for the bank remains low.

Many banks favour lending for mortgages rather than the higher risk loans associated with financing capital investment by small and medium sized enterprises.

The Bank of England and HM Treasury launched the Funding for Lending Scheme (FLS) in order to encourage lending to households and companies. The FLS offers funding to banks and building societies for an extended period. And it encourages them to supply more credit by making more and cheaper funding available if they lend more

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