History

Study Notes

Impact of Gold Rush in Plains Indians

Level:
GCSE
Board:
Edexcel

Gold prospecting greatly affected the Plains Indians way of life. The following list describes some of the consequences of gold prospecting for the Plains Indians:

Gold prospecting greatly affected the Plains Indians way of life. The following list describes some of the consequences of gold prospecting for the Plains Indians:

 

  • Gold miners murdered Plains Indians or forced them to leave if they believed their as gold to be found on their land.
  • New towns that developed due to gold prospecting brought an alien culture to the Plains Indians land. For example, there were churches, schools and shops.
  • The gold prospectors brought diseases from all around the world with them. This killed many Plains Indian’s, as they were new diseases that they did not have immunity to.
  • The influx of miners either killed buffalo for meat and sport, or drove them away by taking up lots of space
  • It led to direct conflict between Plains Indians and the US government as gold prospectors trespassed Indian land. For an example see Red Cloud’s War. 

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