Ann Oakley is a British sociologist and feminist who has made significant contributions to the fields of gender and health. One of her key contributions is the concept of "gender roles," which refers to the expectations and behaviors that are considered appropriate for men and women in a given society. Oakley has argued that gender roles are socially constructed and that they can vary greatly across cultures and time periods.
Oakley has also conducted extensive research on reproductive health and childbirth, and has argued that the medicalisation of childbirth has had negative consequences for women's health. She has advocated for a more natural and holistic approach to childbirth, and has written extensively about the importance of giving women more control over their own reproductive health.
In addition to her work on gender and health, Oakley has also written about a range of other topics, including the sociology of the family, education, and social policy. She is the author of numerous books and articles, and has had a significant impact on the field of sociology through her research, writing, and teaching.