The Electra complex was proposed by Carl Jung (a neo-Freudian). It is similar to what Freud originally termed the feminine Oedipus attitude. During the phallic stage, a little girl desires her father and realises that she does not have a penis. This leads to the development of penis envy and the desire to be a boy. This is resolved by the girl repressing her desire for her father and substituting the wish for a penis with the wish for a baby. Freud claimed that little girls blame their mothers for their 'castrated state', which creates great tension. However, these feelings are repressed in order to remove the tension, and instead a little girl identifies with her mother and internalises her mother’s gender identity, so that it becomes her own.

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