Labour Markets Example Essays (Volume 1) for A… | tutor2u Economics
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Labour Markets Example Essays (Volume 1) for A Level Economics

  • Levels: A Level
  • Exam boards: AQA, Edexcel, OCR, Eduqas, WJEC

This bumper collection of 18 example essays covers a wide variety of topics on labour market economics for A Level Economics students.

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Labour Markets Example Essays (Volume 1) for A Level Economics

  • SKU: 02-4135-30092-03
  • Printed Edition

  • £7.00

The essays included in this bumper essay booklet are:

1. A report by Oxfam has found that the 8 wealthiest individuals in the world have as much wealth as the least wealthy 3.6bn people. This followed a statement from Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn in which he said, "we cannot allow inequality to keep getting worse". At the same time, a report from the ONS showed that the UK's Gini coefficient has fallen in recent years. Evaluate the view that inequality is inevitably bad.

2. A report by the IFS in November 2016 noted that young people are bearing the brunt of poor wage growth in the U.K. Evaluate the extent to which poor wage growth for young people is a major cause of inequality and poverty in the U.K.

3. By January 4th, 2017, the UK's top bosses had already earned more than the average U.K. worker earns in a year. One suggestion made by politicians to tackle this issue was to introduce a maximum wage on high earners. Evaluate whether this is the best approach to reduce wage inequality.

4. There is a dramatic rise in demand for hotels in Cuba as tourism becomes more popular. Demand for hotel construction workers is therefore high. However, Cuban construction workers face a maximum wage of £140 per month. Many of the foreign-owned construction companies have brought in workers from overseas to tackle the labour shortage. These workers are paid up to £1400 per month. The Cuban government has claimed that these overseas workers are paid more because they are more productive than Cuban workers. Evaluate the factors that affect wage differentials.

5. The French President has described his country as being in a 'state of emergency' due to inflexible labour markets. This has led to structural unemployment, and long-term unemployment. Evaluate possible policies that could be used to improve labour market flexibility.

6. Government research shows that 97% of teachers in the UK belong to a trade union. Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of high union density for workers, employers and the wider economy.

7. In 2016, foster carers decided to form the first trade union to represent their sector in order to protect their employment rights and tackle low pay. Evaluate the factors that affect a trade union’s ability to influence wages and employment in a labour market.

8. One fifth of cancer sufferers report that they face discrimination at work, with 14% of cancer sufferers reporting that they are forced by their employer to give up work or are made redundant. The Equality Act 2010 should force employers to make ‘reasonable adjustments’ for such workers. Evaluate the impact of discrimination on wages, and levels and types of employment.

9. A recent interim report from the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) claimed: "What is best for an employer is not necessarily what is best for the resident population…” To what extent do you agree where UK immigration is concerned?

10. UK companies with 250 or more employees are required to publish information on average hourly earnings for men and women by April 2018. Figures published so far, show a large difference. According to the ONS, in April 2017, across the UK men earned 18.4% more than women. Evaluate possible reasons for such a gender pay gap.

11. The “gig” economy is one where the labour market is characterised by short-term contracts or freelance work, as opposed to permanent jobs. Discuss the impact of the growth of the gig economy on UK economic performance.

12. Although the junior doctors strike hit the headlines, 2016 (the latest year for which figures are available) had the 8th lowest annual total for the number of working days lost due to labour disputes, since records began in 1891. Many junior doctors are members of the BMA, which is a trade union, although generally trade union membership is falling. Discuss the role and impact of trade unions in today’s economy.

13. Recent research shows that a record 60% of British people in poverty live in a household where someone is in work. To what extent does this result from labour market failure?

14. Is economic performance likely to be better when labour markets are more competitive?

15. Michael Gove recently criticised high pay for those at the top in the water industry and warned that this would increase pressure for renationalisation. Before this, there was criticism of the university sector and a number of charities. Evaluate the policies a government could use to reduce excessive rates of pay.

16. The 2017 edition of the OECD Employment Outlook documents that real hourly wage growth has behaved quite differently across countries over the past ten years. The report looks at the resilience of labour markets to global shocks, the impact of technological change and globalisation. Have flexible labour markets become even more important to satisfactory economic performance?

17. The Low Pay Commission makes recommendations to Government about future levels of the National Minimum Wage and the National Living Wage. In their report, they say their recommendations are aimed at helping as many low-paid workers as possible, without damaging their employment prospects. To what extent do you agree that intervention of this sort is the best way of helping low-paid workers?

18. The Taylor Report was published in 2017 with the aim that all work in the UK economy should be fair and decent with realistic scope for development and fulfilment. Discuss policies that the UK government might use to support these objectives.

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