Year 1 Macroeconomics Topics at A-Level Standard… | tutor2u Economics
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Year 1 Macroeconomics Topics at A-Level Standard Example Essays (Volume 1)

  • Levels: AS, A Level
  • Exam boards: AQA, Edexcel, OCR, Eduqas, WJEC

This collection of example essays explores a series of macroeconomics topics covered in Year 1 of A Level Economics writing to full A Level Economics standard. Each also comes with a commentary by a senior examiner.

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The example economics essays covered in this printed booklet are:

  1. In December 2016, Martin Weale (a former member of the Bank of England’s MPC) responded to critics of the UK’s economic forecasting measures by saying that “economic forecasting is uncertain, that’s the nature of things, forecasts aren’t wrong or right, they are simply the best you can do”. Evaluate the limitations of the methods used to measure economic indicators such as inflation, economic growth and unemployment.
  2. In the months following the UK’s referendum vote to leave the EU in June 2016, the measures of UK consumer confidence and UK business confidence both fell sharply Evaluate the factors that are likely to result in a decrease in both consumer spending and investment.
  3. “The trade gap in the UK widened by £1.4bn to £5.2bn between August and September 2016. Exports fell 0.4% and imports rose by 2.5% as a result of increased spending on ships, oil, and raw materials.” Evaluate the importance of the international trade for the UK economy.
  4. An increase in aggregate demand is likely to result in higher demand-pull inflation and a reduction in unemployment. Evaluate the extent to which trade-offs exist between macroeconomic objectives in the UK.
  5. In January 2017, the CPI inflation rate in the UK reached 1.6%, the highest level since July 2014. Forecasts suggested that inflation would be above target by the end of 2017. This is partly a result of rising import prices of raw materials due to a weaker currency Evaluate the likely impact of rising inflation on the UK economy.
  6. In a January 2017 speech at the London School of Economics, the Governor of the Bank of England Mark Carney said that consumer spending was facing headwinds and would significantly slow during 2017. Evaluate the extent to which slowing consumer spending will affect the UK economy.
  7. In the 3 months to November 2016 UK unemployment fell by 52,000 to 1.6m, the lowest level for over a decade. Evaluate whether reducing unemployment should be the government’s main macroeconomic objective.
  8. The Education Secretary Justine Greening announced in early 2017 that the government would spend £72m on improving education in 12 poor areas of the UK by setting up “research schools” and building partnerships between schools and employers. Evaluate the use of supply side policies in achieving the UK’s macroeconomic objectives.
  9. The UK Income Tax Personal Allowance is set to rise to £12,500 by 2020-2021. The government also now allows people to earn up to £1000 per year tax-free through internet auction sites (such as eBay) and other internet-based services, for example, which allow you to rent out rooms in your home. Evaluate the impact of a more progressive tax system on the UK economy. Evaluate the factors that are most likely to increase the UK’s long-run aggregate supply.
  10. Evaluate policies that can be used to reduce the UK’s level of unemployment at the same time as raising the UK’s economic growth rate.
  11. Evaluate the view that demand-side policies are more effective than supply-side policies in reducing the inflation rate in the UK.


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