recruitment - internal recruitment
What is internal recruitment?
This refers to the filling of job vacancies from within the business - where existing employees are selected rather than employing someone from outside.
A business might decide that it already has the right people with the right skills to do the job, particularly if its training and development programme has been effective.
How is it done?
Internal vacancies are usually advertised within the business via a variety of media:
- Staff notice boards
- In-house magazines / newsletters (for example, Emap, a major publishing business) have a weekly staff magazine devoted solely to advertising jobs within the organisation!
- Staff meetings
Advantages of internal recruitment
- Gives existing employees greater opportunity to advance their careers in the business
- May help to retain staff who might otherwise leave
- Requires a short induction training period
- Employer should know more about the internal candidate's abilities (= a reduced risk of selecting an inappropriate candidate)
- Usually quicker and less expensive than recruiting from outside
Disadvantages of internal recruitment
- Limits the number of potential applicants for a job
- External candidates might be better suited / qualified for the job
- Another vacancy will be created that has to be filled
- Existing staff may feel they have the automatic right to be promoted, whether or not they are competent
- Business may become resistant to change; by recruiting from outside, new perspectives and attitudes are brought in
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