Author: Jim Riley Last updated: Sunday 23 September, 2012
Job enrichment is connected to the concept of job enlargement.
Job enrichment is the process of "improving work processes and environments so they are more satisfying for employees".
Many jobs are monotonous and unrewarding - particularly in the primary and secondary production industries. Workers can feel dissatisfied in their position due to a lack of a challenge, repetitive procedures, or an over-controlled authority structure.
Job enrichment tries to eliminate these problems, and bring better performance to the workplace.
There are three key parts to the process of job enrichment
1. Turn employees' effort into performance:
Ensuring that objectives are well-defined and understood by everyone. The overall corporate mission statement should be communicated to all. Individual's goals should also be clear. Each employee should know exactly how she fits into the overall process and be aware of how important her contributions are to the organization and its customers.
Providing adequate resources for each employee to perform well. This includes support functions like information technology, communication technology, and personnel training and development.
Creating a supportive corporate culture. This includes peer support networks, supportive management, and removing elements that foster mistrust and politicking.
Free flow of information. Eliminate secrecy.
Provide enough freedom to facilitate job excellence. Encourage and reward employee initiative. Flextime or compressed hours could be offered.
Provide adequate recognition, appreciation, and other motivators.
Provide skill improvement opportunities. This could include paid education at universities or on the job training.
Provide job variety. This can be done by job sharing or job rotation programmes.
It may be necessary to re-engineer the job process. This could involve redesigning the physical facility, redesign processes, change technologies, simplification of procedures, elimination of repetitiveness, redesigning authority structures.
2. Link employees performance directly to reward:
Clear definition of the reward is a must
Explanation of the link between performance and reward is important
Make sure the employee gets the right reward if performs well
If reward is not given, explanation is needed
3. Make sure the employee wants the reward. How to find out?