Economics CPD Courses

Economics CPD Courses Coming up this Term!- Book Your Places Now!

WOW! Economics 2015   |   Quantitative Methods (New Spec)

Economics Resources Popular resources on the {my channel} blogPopular resources on the {my channel} blog Economics revision quizzes Resource tags for the blog RSS Feed for the blog Twitter feed for this blog Teacher Email Resource Newsletter Category listing for this blog Economics Blog home page Economics Blog Home Page

Tracker Pixel for Entry

Unit 1 Micro: Positive and Normative Statements

Monday, September 10, 2012
Print Tweet This!Save to Favorites

Whenever you are reading articles on current affairs it is important to be able to distinguish between objective and subjective statements.

Often, a person writing an article has a particular argument to make and will include subjective statements about what ought to be or what should be happening. Their articles carry value judgements; they are trying to persuade you of the particular merits or demerits of a policy decision. These articles may be wholly or partially lacking in objectivity.

Positive Statements

Positive statements are objective statements that can be tested, amended or rejected by referring to the available evidence. Positive economics deals with objective explanation and the testing and rejection of theories. For example:

A fall in incomes will lead to a rise in demand for own-label supermarket foods

If the government raises the tax on beer, this will lead to a fall in profits of the brewers.

The rising price of crude oil on world markets will lead to an increase in cycling to work

A reduction in income tax will improve the incentives of the unemployed to find work.

A rise in average temperatures will increase the demand for sun screen products.

Higher interest rates will reduce house prices

Cut-price alcohol has increased the demand for alcohol among teenagers

A car scrappage scheme will lead to fall in the price of second hand cars

Normative Statements

A value judgement is a subjective statement of opinion rather than a fact that can be tested by looking at the availableevidence

Normative statements are subjective statements – i.e. they carry value judgments. For example:

Pollution is the most serious economic problem

Unemployment is more harmful than inflation

The congestion charge for drivers of petrol-guzzling cars should increase to £25

The government should increase the minimum wage to £7 per hour to reduce poverty.

The government is right to introduce a ban on smoking in public places.

The retirement age should be raised to 70 to combat the effects of our ageing population.

Resources are best allocated by allowing the market mechanism to work freely

The government should enforce minimum prices for beers and lagers sold in supermarkets and off-licences in a bid to control alcohol consumption

Focusing on the evidence is called adopting an empirical approach – evidence-based work is becoming more and more important in shaping different government policies and how much funding to give to each.

Test your understanding here:

Economics CPD Courses in June 2014

Economics CPD Courses in June 2014 - Book Your Places Now!

ETNC 2014   | New to AS & A2 Economics | WOW! Economics 2014

tutor2u online store

PowerPoint Lesson Activities Teacher Conferences & CPD Courses
Exam Coaching & Revision Workshops Pre-release Case Study Toolkits
A Level Economics Teaching Support Resources for Business Studies
Digital Magazines  

Enter your Email

WOW! Economics 2015

Dates and Locations announced for WOW! Economics 2015

AS, A2 & IB Economics Revision Notes

Latest resources

Resource categories Blog RSS feed Blog RSS Feed

© Copyright Tutor2u Limited 2013 All Rights Reserved